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badminton court and rules of game

Basic Information about Badminton and Badminton Courts

If badminton is nothing but an interesting activity to play in between barbecuing with your friends then we are sorry to inform you that you are missing out on a quite exciting fast sport with a lot of breathtaking moments. If we`ve managed to intrigue you, yet you lack the needed Badminton related information and knowledge, we are here to help you. Read on to find out everything you need to know!

Leaving aside the exciting badminton-alike activity in your backyard, professional badminton is played indoors on a rectangular court with special dimensions. Furthermore, this sport can be played as “singles-one on one” game or as “doubles-four players included”.

The court itself is divided into halves by a net and usually by the rules, it is marked simultaneously for both the singles and doubles play. The full width of the Badminton court is 20 ft. (6, 1 meter) but when a singles game is played this width is reduced to 17 ft. (5, 18 meters) while the length is always the same without the singles/doubles exception- 44 ft. (13, 4 meters). With a center line, the court is divided into left and right service court and both of them are marked by a center line named short service line at a 6 ft. 6 inches (1, 98 meters) from the net. From this line is the serving done. When it comes to the doubles game, the court has a shorter serve-length dimension by a 0, 76 meters when compared to the singles game (the doubles service line). 

A short history of How Badminton was invented

Although badminton is one of the Olympics newest sports, you`d be surprised to find out its roots date way back (2,000 years ago) when ancient civilizations in Egypt, Greece, India, and China used to play the games named battledore and shuttlecock.

Historically, it all started back in the 1860s when British army officers started playing the so-called Indian Poona while being stationed in India. More than a decade later in 1873, the army officers returned to England, took the childish game with them, and literally turned into the now known Badminton sport. Back in those days, the Poona “activity” was “presented” to a party organized by the Duke of Beaufort at one of his country estates called “Badminton”-hence the name of this sport.

Later on - in 1899 were held the first unofficial All-England championships for men and women (the next year). Decades after the formation of The Badminton World Federation in 1934, the first-ever official championships and tournaments were held not only in England but in several other countries as well such as Indonesia, Denmark, and Japan (in 1977).

After a few “test drives” as a demonstration and exhibition sport, finally in the year of 1992 Badminton became a full medal Olympic sport for both men and women; and for singles and doubles.

badminton court

Types of Badminton Courts

As we previously mentioned, although this sport was born and played on the streets as a fun and recreational activity, over the decades turned into a professional sport and one of the most followed. Badminton is usually played on four different surfaces:

Synthetic surface PVC/PU

The most common surface used for the top-notch Badminton venues is this synthetic surface and for a number of reasons. Usually laid upon a wooden base, these courts are anti-slippery meaning fewer injuries, provide a good bounce, reduce the stress on your knees and ankles, and reduce the chances of injury. Furthermore, they offer an extraordinary grip that will allow you to jump and swiftly shift your direction.

Wooden Surface

Other than the synthetic surfaces, every now and then you will be able to see wooden courts as well. They are known for being shock absorptive but unfortunately, they are more slippery than the synthetic ones (less traction and struggles with proper grip). Furthermore, wood is known for having a fragile nature meaning higher costs for maintenance.

Acrylic surface

This type of surface is much similar to the synthetic surface made from PVC/PU. Although they look alike and offer a similar feel, the acrylic surface is not as good as the synthetic one in terms of shock absorption (they are tougher). On the other hand, the acrylic surface has exceptional strength and durability.

Cement surface

Lastly, we must mention this surface too even though it is used for playing recreational outdoor badminton. As the name says it, the surface is concrete therefore, it doesn`t provide proper support for the feet meaning there are far greater chances for injuries.

Which type of shoes on courts

Badminton is considered to be the world`s fastest racket sport with a lot of quick directional changes therefore, it`s no wonder that the shoes are the key component when it comes to having an injury-free play. Badminton shoes are designed to have a thin sole with the sole purpose of lowering the center of gravity which means more stability during the sharp directional changes.

According to the types of courts we've mentioned, you must also choose the type of shoes that you will wear. If you are playing on a cement court then you can go with normal rubber-soled shoes. However, if you are playing on wood or synthetic surface, then non-marking shoes are a must. First time hearing about this type of shoes? No worries, we got you covered.

What are non-marking shoes?

They are specifically designed badminton shoes with a soft gum rubber sole and are mandatory into each and every badminton venue and for a reason.

The regular sports shoes come with a sole so rough which in combination with the amount of pressure and movement seen in badminton will leave permanent marks on the delicate Badminton surfaces. This is the main reason why you can`t enter a single badminton venue without a pair of non-marking shoes.

If you want to find out more information, you should visit our previous article regarding non-marking shoes

How to choose the appropriate pair of shoes?

If you are a beginner you should choose a type of shoes that focus on comfort, stability, and shock absorption such as the Ergoshape and Powercushion technology.

On the other hand, if you are a regular or a pro you should search for enhanced power, support, and quickness seen at Lateral Crawl and Round Sole technology.

Always have in mind that your badminton shoes should be lightweight (between 250-350 grams), have good cushioning (proper impact protection), and provide you with a lot of traction and proper grip. Additionally, you should know that the gum rubber sole is prone to collecting a lot of dirt and dust from the surface meaning decreased grip and increased chances of slipping hence why it is so important to keep your sole clean with a moist towel and maintain your badminton shoes.

maintenance of court

Maintenance of Court and which things damage the court

Besides mentioning that proper non-marking shoes are worn to the Badminton venues in order to protect the wooden/synthetic surface, there are also a number of other equally important things as well when it comes to maintaining the polished look of the surface. Here are the ones that are the most valuable:

For synthetic floors

  • Daily removal of sticky substances such as chewing gums, tapes, etc. with gentle scraping
  • Cleaning the surface with a special microfiber mop specifically designed for such floors and a neutral cleaner at least 2-3 times per day (avoid the usage of acid, caustic, or ammonia-based cleaners)
  • Instead of hand-mopping, you can use auto-scrubber but always make sure the battery is fully charged before usage (this will prevent battery acid leaks)
  • In order to regain the shine and make it less slippery, you can scrub the floor with white vinegar or silicone thinner maintaining one scrub direction only.
  • All of the chairs and additional movable equipment should have wheels and accordingly appropriate support that won`t indent or scratch the floor

For wooden floors (they are more delicate to handle and require more maintenance)

  • Every two to three years power sanding should be performed which will bring back the fresh look and the coarseness needed for a good grip.
  • Every now and then, the anti-skid coating should be applied in order to enhance the foot grip.
  • Constant maintenance cleanups on a daily basis with specialized wooden floor cleaning liquid
  • Replacement of damaged planks
  • Applying fresh color around the net poles
  • Repainting the lines to make them more visible

Badminton Net details and height/width

Badminton nets are always placed over the doubles sidelines and run the entire length of the court (6, 1 m). At the edges, the net is 1, 55 m high but as it comes to the center of the court it sags a bit resulting with 1, 52 m height. The net itself is placed 0, 76 meters above the floor and it has an equal 0, 76 meters width which creates an equal 1:1 opening/net ratio. Commonly the net is made from vinyl, polyethylene, or nylon.

Is it worth to start a business like Badminton Court in India?

As we previously mentioned, the initial roots of today's Badminton sport originate from the traditional Indian game called Poona therefore, it`s no wonder that Badminton is quite the trend amongst different generations in India.

The statistic shows that more than half of the population in India participate in Badminton while 32% of Indians follow Badminton related news and are constantly watching the different world tournaments.

Although Badminton was previously played on basic concrete surfaces as its popularity amongst youngsters grew, the need for more professional synthetic surfaces appeared and one of the main reasons was the emergence of players such as P.V. Sindhu, Srikanth Kidambi, Saina Nehwal, Pranoy HS, Paullela Goplchand, Prakash Padukone, and Aparna Popat.

Therefore, we can most certainly say that starting a business with a professional Badminton court in India is a safe investment that will pay off. 

How much cost involved in setting up badminton court and what’s the difference in various court mats available?

Cost of constructing a professional badminton court in India can vary based on a few factors such as the geographical location, availability of materials, and what type of court you intend on building. Starting from the basic cement floor which will cost you 1 to 1, 5 Lakh, the iron sheets from 75,000 to 150,000 or stone building at least 7-10 Lakhs, and moving on to choosing whether you will go with synthetic or wooden flooring. This choice will directly determine the amount of money that you will spend.

With a price range from 4-5 Lakh, wooden floors are more affordable to construct than the Synthetic flooring. Commonly they are made from Teak or Sagwan wood and come with an eight years warranty. As we previously mentioned they offer better cushioning but unfortunately they are more slippery and demand pricier long-term maintenance.

On the other hand, synthetic floors come with a price range between 1 and 15 Lakh and a five-year warranty for quality. Manufactured from man-made materials such as PVC or PU, they characterize with durability, resilience, and are anti-slippery. Depending on the class of the synthetic mats, you can find first-class synthetic mats from 16-20 Lakhs, second class from 5-7 Lakhs, and third class from 2 to 5 Lakhs.

Fixed expenses in both of the cases are the net which can cost from 1,000 up to 5,000 Rs; the net poles which can cost from 2,000 up to 10,000 Rs. ; and electricity bills for the lightning which can cost from 50,000 up to 100,000 Rs.

How to find a Badminton court near me

Probably the easiest way to find a badminton court would be by doing online research. This way you would be able to find not only the location but the needed additional information such as a webpage, contact number, and pricing. If you are looking for a more long-term solution, then searching for a serious and professional Badminton local club that will provide you with the needed knowledge and have all the experience is most certainly something to search for. They will guide you through the process of learning Badminton, introduce you to all of the rules and regulations, and on top of this, help you enter the badminton community.

Or you can ask the Google Assistant "Badminton Court near me" and google will show the results relevant and near to your location.

serving rules

Basic Badminton Rules each player should know

Here are some basic badminton rules which are truly the foundation of this sport:

  • Each and every game starts with a coin toss which allows the winning party to either choose between serving first or receiving the serve.
  • In order to win the match you need to win 2 sets out of 3 with 21 points each (if the result is tie 20-20 the first player that scores 22 points-wins the set; this can go as high as 30 points-nothing more)
  • The net should never come in contact with the badminton racket or the body
  • You mustn’t play net shots when they are on the other side of the net (crossing over is strictly forbidden)
  • Point is earned when the birdie lands out of bounds, hits the floor, or a fault is committed
  • While being on your side, you can hit the shuttle only once and deliver it to your opponent`s side (if you fail at it – your opponent earns the point)

Serve related rules

  • During serving, the shuttlecock should always be hit from below the waist in an upward angle
  • Until you release the shuttlecock (serve) you mustn’t step on any of the lines on the court
  • You must make sure you are standing inside the left or right serving court when serving and when receiving in the diagonally opposite box from the person serving (your opponent)
  • Proper serving means the birdie shouldn’t touch the net and that it should cross the short serve line

What are the rules of singles

At the beginning of the game when the score is 0-0, the server serves from the right service court. If the server`s score is odd (numbers which start at one and go up by two for example 1, 3, 5, etc.) the server serves from the left service court and vice versa, if the server`s score is even (numbers which start at zero and go up by two for example 0, 2, 4, 6, etc.), the server serves from the right service court. This is the main reason why the left service court is known as the odd service court and the right one as the even one. According to this, if you are a server and constantly winning, you will keep serving each point from a different side.

In the meantime, the receiver`s position is pre-determined by the server`s score meaning he/she should stand in the diagonally opposite service court from the server. If the receiver wins a point, he/she becomes the new server and serves from the left or right serving court accordingly to the even/odd number score rule.

What are the rules of doubles

Although most people are confused especially when it comes to serving patterns seen in doubles badminton games, we assure you - it is quite simple. Once the serving pair is chosen by the toss of a coin and the badminton game starts, the chosen person who will serve first follows the even/odd rule which is valid in the doubles game too. If the serving team wins a rally, the winning pair shifts their sides, and the same person continues to serve. While one person serves, accordingly the partner takes the other service court and the same idea applies to the receiving side as well.

Once the serving is done, each and every person can move freely on the court. It is important to remember that only the winning serving team swaps service courts while the other receiver team never change their service courts. When the receivers win a rally, then and only then, the serve passes to them, they start serving from the position they are in according to the odd/even score rule (they don’t change their service courts). If they win-they change sides.

What are considered faults in the game

Here is a short list of things which are considered faults while playing. The one who makes the fault loses the rally.

  • In serving the shuttlecock shouldn’t be struck from above server`s waist. You mustn’t use anything but an upward swing direction. And your racket head shouldn’t be pointing upwards when you hit the shuttle. All of these are considered Service faults.
  • When a rally is in play you shouldn’t touch the badminton net nor should you touch the shuttle with your body or clothes. This is a contact fault.
  • Double hits are forbidden
  • When you are a receiver, you cannot move your feet away from where you are standing. If you do so, it is a receiver fault. Once your opponent hits the shuttle, you can move.
  • Over the net fault says that your racket shouldn’t invade your opponent`s side in order to hit the shuttle not until it crosses to your side of the net.
  • The shuttlecock shouldn’t fall into the wrong receiving court (it should always be in the diagonally opposite court; serving from the left court should fall into the right one).
  • The feet shouldn’t cross the boundaries (lines) of the serving or receiving court.
  • Touching the net with body, racquet, or clothes is strictly forbidden.
  • Invading the opponent`s court

Misconducts and Penalties

Badminton such as any other sport is regulated by Laws which are amended and adopted by the IBF (International Badminton Federation) and must be respected. According to the laws of Badminton, players are not allowed to interfere with the continuous play of the match (cause delays in order to gain back strength), are not allowed to leave the court (except for the allowed intervals), deliberately cause delay or suspension of play, deliberately modify/damage the shuttle in order to change its speed, behave in an inappropriate or offensive manner. If anything of the above mentioned misconducts happen, the umpire is allowed to issue a warning, fault the offending side, or even disqualify the offending side from the match.

An example of an unusual misconduct happened back in 2012 at the Olympic Games held in London when four pairs of players (one from China, one from Indonesia, and two from South Korea) deliberately tried to lose their matches in order to have an easier draw in the knockout stages.

Any fixed clothing to play badminton

By now, you are probably aware that badminton is a quite physically demanding sport which requires a lot of agility, constant movement, proper non-marking shoes, and proper clothing choice. When you do go shopping for badminton apparels, there are two things to focus on- movement and the freedom of movement. You don’t need to go overboard by purchasing designer clothes, but you should definitely invest in some breathable comfortable pieces that will make the entire experience much more enjoyable.

How many Judges, Referees

In order to maintain the laws and rules reinforced by the International Badminton Federation, there are a number of judges and referees which are held responsible for fair badminton play. The main judge or Umpire has the power to overrule every other decision made by the other line or service judges. He/she is the person who is here to ensure the badminton game runs smoothly, without any delays, and also to make the contact fault calls. Additionally, besides the umpire, there is a service judge held responsible for the serving rules and line judges.


Exciting and fast! Unpredictable and physically demanding!

We guarantee you, trying to play Badminton not only in your backyard but also on a professional synthetic surface will become your favorite physical activity. It will challenge you in ways beyond your imagination. Buy a proper pair of non-marking shoes, find and book the nearest Badminton venue, invite your friends, and be prepared for an extraordinary physical activity.

Read About - Top 7 Common Badminton Injuries and Prevention