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Badminton is a physically demanding sport that requires quick movements and agility. With the constant jumping, running and lunging, it's crucial to have the right gear, especially when it comes to shoes. Flat feet can make playing badminton even more challenging, as it puts extra strain on the feet and legs. That's why finding the right pair of badminton shoes for flat feet is essential.

Understanding Flat Feet

Flat feet, also known as fallen arches, are a common condition that affects many people. It occurs when the arches on the inside of the feet are low or completely absent, which can cause a number of issues, including pain, instability and fatigue, especially when playing high-impact sports like badminton.

What Causes Flat Feet?

There are a number of factors that can contribute to the development of flat feet, including:

  • Genetics: Some people are born with flat feet, while others develop the condition later in life.
  • Age: As we get older, our feet tend to lose some of their natural arch, which can lead to flat feet.
  • Obesity: Excess weight puts extra strain on the feet, which can lead to flat feet over time.
  • Pregnancy: The increased weight and pressure during pregnancy can cause temporary flat feet.
  • Overuse injuries: Engaging in activities that put a lot of stress on the feet, like running, can lead to overuse injuries that cause flat feet.

Symptoms of Flat Feet

Flat feet can cause a number of symptoms, including:

  • Pain in the feet, ankles, or knees
  • Foot fatigue or swelling after standing or walking for long periods of time
  • Difficulty standing on the tips of your toes
  • An impression or flattening of the arch when you stand
  • An inward rolling of the foot when you walk

If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to see a doctor to get a proper diagnosis.
medical illustration of flat feet

Why Flat Feet are Disqualifying Factors in the Military

The military has strict physical fitness requirements, including a high level of physical activity and physical endurance. Flat feet can make it difficult to meet these requirements, leading to an increased risk of pain and injury.

Flat feet can affect a person's ability to perform physically demanding tasks, such as marching, running, and carrying heavy loads. Additionally, flat feet can lead to instability and reduced mobility, making it difficult to perform the tasks required in military operations.

Due to the impact of flat feet on physical performance, the military has deemed it a disqualifying factor for enlistment and service. This is to ensure that military personnel are physically capable of performing their duties and meeting the physical demands of military service.

Are flat feet an advantage in sports?

Experts disagree about the effect of a flat foot on athletic performance, as some studies suggest that flat feet can have both positive and negative effects. Flat feet, on the other hand, can provide a larger surface area on the sole of the foot, which can aid in stability, balance, and traction. This can be advantageous in sports requiring a stable foundation, such as gymnastics, wrestling, and weightlifting.

Flat feet, on the other hand, can increase the risk of injury and reduce performance in other sports such as running, jumping, and pivoting. This is because flat feet can lead to overpronation, where the foot rolls inward excessively during impact, which can cause strain on the ankle, knee and lower leg muscles. This can result in conditions like plantar fasciitis, shin splints and other lower leg injuries.

In general, the impact of flat feet on athletic performance will depend on the individual and the specific sport they are participating in. An evaluation by a doctor or physical therapist can help determine the best course of action for athletes with flat feet, including the use of orthotics, foot insoles, heel support or other supportive devices to help prevent injury and improve performance.

flat feet with insoles

Simple Tests to Diagnose Flat Feet at Home

There are several simple tests you can perform at home to determine if you have flat feet:

  • Wet Test: Wet your feet and step on a piece of paper or a dry towel. The print should show a distinct arch. If the print shows little to no arch, you may have flat feet.

  • Foot Print Test: Take a look at the soles of your shoes. If the inside sole is significantly worn, it may be a sign that you have a flat foot.

  • Toe Test: Stand with your feet together and place your hands on your hips. Then, try to lift your toes off the ground. If you are unable to do so, or if your feet roll inward, it may be a sign that you have flat feet.

flat feet deformation

Recommended Treatment Options for Badminton Players with Flat Feet

  • Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can help strengthen the muscles in the feet and legs, improving stability and reducing pain. This is especially important for badminton players, who need strong, stable feet to perform at their best.

  • Stretching: Regular stretching can help improve flexibility and reduce pain, allowing players to move more freely on the court.

  • Proper Footwear: Wearing shoes specifically designed for badminton can help provide extra support and cushioning for the feet, reducing the risk of pain and injury.

What to Avoid When Treating Flat Feet in Badminton Players

  • Ignoring the problem: Failing to seek treatment for flat feet can lead to chronic pain and an increased risk of injury.

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes: Wearing shoes that are too tight or too loose can make the condition worse, so it's important to choose shoes that fit properly and provide the right amount of support.

  • Overloading on physical activity: Engaging in too much physical activity without proper treatment and care can exacerbate the condition and make it more difficult to recover.

What to Look for in Badminton Shoes for Flat Foot

When shopping for badminton shoes for flat feet, it's important to consider the following:

  • Arch support: Look for shoes with built-in arch support or the ability to add custom orthotics.

  • Cushioning: Opt for shoes with extra cushioning in the sole to reduce impact and provide comfort.

  • Fit: Make sure the shoes fit properly and don't pinch or rub. Try on shoes at the end of the day, when your feet are at their largest, to ensure a proper fit.

  • Wide Badminton Shoes: Wearing wide badminton shoes can help provide additional support and comfort for individuals with flat feet. The added width can help accommodate the foot and reduce pressure on the arches, which can help alleviate pain and discomfort associated with flat feet.
Read - Right Pair of Shoes for your Child

How to Customize Your Badminton Shoes for Flat Feet

  • Insert Arch Supports: If your shoes don't have built-in arch support, you can add custom orthotics to provide extra support and cushioning.

  • Stretch the Shoes: If the shoes are too tight, you can stretch them to improve comfort and reduce pressure on the foot.

  • Replace Insoles: If the insoles in your shoes aren't providing enough support or cushioning, you can replace them with a better option.

Why Badminton Shoes for Flat Feet are Hard to Find

One reason for the lack of badminton shoes for flat feet is the relatively low demand for such shoes. Many people with flat feet may not play badminton, or they may opt for shoes designed for other activities, such as running or hiking. As a result, badminton shoe manufacturers may not see a strong business case for producing shoes specifically designed for flat feet.

Designing shoes for flat feet can be challenging, as the condition requires different levels of support in different areas of the foot. This can make it difficult to create a shoe that provides adequate support while still allowing for the necessary movement and agility required for badminton.

In short, no brand is making badminton shoes specifically for flat feet, either Yonex Badminton, Asics Shoes or other popular brands, but still some sites writing articles on Best Flat feet shoes etc, that's just for marketing purposes, so ignore those articles which are written for SEO purpose and traffic. That's not going to solve your problem in real.

Exercises for Flat Feet Badminton Players

Here are a few exercises that can help improve foot strength and stability for badminton players with flat feet.

Toe Raises

Toe raises are a simple exercise that can help improve foot strength and stability. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and raise your toes off the ground. Hold this position for a few seconds before lowering your feet back to the ground. Repeat this exercise several times for the best results.

toe raises exercise

Arch Raises

Arch raises are a great way to target the muscles in the arch of your foot. Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and raise your arch as high as you can. Hold this position for a few seconds before lowering your foot back to the ground. Repeat this exercise several times for the best results.

arch raises exercise

Ball Roll

Ball Roll under Foot is an exercise specifically designed to help improve the strength and flexibility of the muscles and tendons in the feet and lower legs, especially for those with flat feet. The exercise involves placing a small ball (such as a tennis ball) under the foot and rolling it back and forth, massaging and stretching the foot muscles. This exercise helps to activate the foot muscles and improve the arch, reducing pain and discomfort associated with feet. It is important to perform this exercise regularly and under the supervision of a physiotherapist to avoid any further injury.

ball roll exercise

Towel Curl

The Towel Curl exercise is another effective exercise for those with flat feet. The exercise helps to improve the strength and flexibility of the muscles and tendons in the feet, specifically targeting the arch. The exercise is performed by placing a small towel under the foot and using the foot muscles to scrunch it up towards the body, like a curl. This exercise helps activate the muscles in the foot, improve the arch, and reduce pain and discomfort associated with the feet.

towel curl exercise
Source: Healthline

Surgical Options for Flat Feet

For those who struggle with flat feet, surgery can be a very effective solution. There are a number of surgical solutions available, including fusing the foot's bones to rectify the arch or employing implants during surgeries to stabilise the arch. Your doctor can assist you in choosing the ideal surgical procedure based on your unique requirements and objectives.

Many advantages of flat foot surgery include increased stability, decreased pain and suffering, and improved mobility. Following surgery, patients will be better able to stand, walk, and run with less difficulty and will be less likely to feel pain or discomfort while doing so. Moreover, surgery's enhanced stability and balance can lower the chance of injury in badminton players.

After flat foot surgery, the recovery process can differ, but it often entails a period of immobilisation and rest, followed by physical therapy to help regain strength and movement. It is crucial to heed your doctor's recommendations and give your body the time it requires to heal. Your doctor will provide you with detailed instructions and directions for your recovery. Within a few months of surgery, most people may resume their regular activities, including playing badminton, with the right care and attention.


Playing badminton with a flat foot can be challenging, but with the right shoes, you can reduce the risk of pain and injury. By focusing on shoes with good arch support, cushioning and stability, you can find a pair that works for you and helps you play your best. An evaluation by a doctor or physical therapist can help determine the best course of action for individuals with flat feet, including recommendations for the type of shoes, better fitting shoes, running shoes, everyday shoes, basketball shoes and support devices that can help improve comfort and performance.

Whether you're a beginner or an experienced player, taking the time to find the right badminton shoes for flat feet is an investment in your health and performance. Just remember for Flat feet TREATMENT CAN HELP, but CAN'T BE CURED.

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Comments: 1
joy 27-03-2023 07:50
Thanks for this! This is so helpful and amazing information to know.
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